Question about 1994 Ford Bronco

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Not starting which relay controls fuel pump - 1994 Ford Bronco

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The fuel pump relay is called the "Main Relay" so, check the Main Relay and its fuse. ...but if you could hear the fuel pump running then it's not a main relay problem.

Posted on May 09, 2015

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1994 ford Bronco was starting and running fine. My daughter drove it 3 miles to school that morning then a few hours later she went to start it and it would'nt start. The door chime and all the dome lights, lights on dash lite up as normal and when you turned the key to (start) position you could hear the fuel pump then it just would click and not turn over and start. Jumped the battery that didn't work. Had it towed home and tried a few more times that night to get it to start but no luck. Next afternoon went to check it out again and for the heck of it thought id try starting it. Would'nt ya know it..It STARTED right up? After checking Battery and solenoid..etc I thought it was the starter but now im not sure.

Posted on Mar 29, 2011

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

DAD5bbbbg

Thomas Kessenich

  • 111 Answers

SOURCE: no power to fuel pump

What you need to do is drop the fuel tank and put a new fuel pump in it. I would drain the gas and put new gas in after you get the pump changed.

Posted on Mar 26, 2009

SOURCE: 1992 dodge stealth

Hi aklwalsh10,
Haven't come across any petrol (gasoline) fuel injected vehicle that doesn't have a fuel pump relay......if you can hear the fuel pump running, the relay must be good....If the vehicle doesn't want to start, its more likely that you have some other problem.... Check to find out if you have ignition....Remember it's high voltage, so take care.... Remove one of the plug leads and with an insulated screw driver inserted where the plug fits, hold the metal part that protrudes close to a metal part that's grounded.....Somewhere on top of the engine.....Check to see if there's a spark....with a system in good condition, the spark should easily jump 5mm..... If you have spark, then check the fuel pump pressure....This needs special equipment, so it's off to the repair shop....

Hope this info is a help?

Regards, Johngee10

Posted on Sep 06, 2008

fingaz22

michael schultz

  • 1068 Answers

SOURCE: Where is Fuel Relay for 2004 Dodge Ram 3500 Diesel Truck

it doesn't have a fuel pump relay it has a fuel pump control unit and it is located on the chassis back quarter drivers side near the tube cross member for chassis on top of chassis rail near bed mount. locate the rear springs front perch and it will be above that on top of rail.

hope this helps. good luck and please ask any question you have.

Posted on Oct 25, 2009

Testimonial: "Thanx for info..no wonder I couldn't find Relay! "

batviper

Steven Burke

  • 120 Answers

SOURCE: 1995 s10 pickup 4wd just replaced fuel pump, won't start.

replace the wireing harnes to the fuel pump gm had problems with them cost around $15 to 26 at autozone

Posted on Nov 18, 2009

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Fuel Pump Electrical Circuit Diagnosis (VIN K)
Fuel Pump Electrical Circuit Diagnosis (VIN 1)

The PCM alters fuel pump speed by energizing the fuel pump speed control relay. Under normal conditions, the fuel pump speed control relay is energized. The applied voltage to the fuel pump is controlled by a resistor assembly. When higher fuel volume is required due to increased engine load, MAP sensor value over 90 kPa the PCM de-energizes the fuel pump speed control relay circuit. The increased voltage to the in-tank fuel pump allows a higher volume of fuel to be delivered to the fuel rail. The PCM also compensates for low system voltage by energizing the fuel pump speed control relay.

Have it check for codes !
Did DTC P0230 or DTC 1260 set?
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Not guessing as to what the problem is , testing for voltage drop problems with a volt meter . posted a video on youtube yesterday . If your still looking for guesses forget it , no one on here could say for sure without testing the circuit an hooking up a scan tool to see if PCM is energizing the relay . Do yourself a favor an take it to a qualified repair shop . Fuel Pump Electrical Circuits Description and Operation If you can't learn how to test from this guy , better take to a repair shop .

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I have a 98 jimmy.4dr, 4wd..problem --no power to fuel pump....if you stand on drivers side looking at fuse panel (the top right pin of the relay has power, but thats the only one...if i jump power to the...


Fuel Pump Electrical Circuit
OPERATION
When the key is turned ON with out the engine running, the control module turns a fuel pump relay ON for two seconds. This builds up fuel pressure quickly. If the engine is not started within two seconds, the control module shuts the fuel pump OFF and waits until the engine starts. As soon as the engine is cranked, the control module turns the relay ON and runs the fuel pump.
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You can test to see if the relay it's self is bad by swapping it temporarily with another relay. If your truck has AC then that one should be compatible. Just compare the two to see if they're the same and if so, try using the AC's relay.

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My 93 cougar like sputters when running. no power, and idles real hard. what could this be?


I'm guessing fuel pump is going. Check for 40 PSI pressure with fuel pressure gauge. Check in engine comaprtment.
Section 10-01: Fuel Tank, Filters, Lines and Electric Fuel Pump 1995 Thunderbird, Cougar Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Fuel Pump, Electric The electric fuel pump:
  • Is part of the fuel pump module.
  • Is located in an internal reservoir in the polyethylene fuel tank (9002) .
  • Is mounted with its inlet at the bottom of the reservoir.
  • Is designed to increase satisfactory pump operation during extreme vehicle maneuvers and steep climbs with low fuel levels.
  • The high-pressure fuel pump module on the 3.8L SFI and 4.6L-2V engines can supply 60 liters (15.9 gal) of fuel per hour at a working pressure of 269.0 kPa (39 psi).
  • The fuel pump module on the 3.8L SC SFI engine can supply 125 liters (29.0 gal) at the same rate and pressure.
  • The fuel pump module has an internal check valve to maintain pressure in the system after the engine is shut down.
  • The fuel pump module also has an internal release valve to provide protection from too much pressure if fuel flow becomes clogged in the fuel filter (9155) , the fuel line is damaged, or other factors.
  • Overpressure is limited to 850 kPa (123 psi) and reduced fuel flow will result if the pressure relief valve is activated.
  • The fuel pump module is protected at its inlet by a nylon fuel filter element (9365) which filters contaminants which could plug or damage fuel pump components.
  • The fuel filter element simultaneously allows passage of small quantities of water which may accumulate within the tank reservoir.
  • The electrical system has a fuel pump control relay in the powertrain control module (PCM) (12A650) which provides power to the fuel pump module through an inertia fuel shutoff switch (IFS switch) (9341) that is normally closed.
  • The electrical system provides power to the fuel pump module through two relays:
    • Fuel pump power relay.
    • PCM power relay.
The current path depends on operating conditions.
  • When the ignition switch (11572) is OFF, contacts of both relays are open.
  • When the ignition switch is first turned to RUN, the PCM power relay energizes and closes its contacts.
  • Power is sent to the fuel pump relay and a timing device in the powertrain control module .
  • The fuel pump module runs through the contacts of the fuel pump relay.
  • If ignition switch is not turned to START, the timing device in the powertrain control module will open ground Circuit 57 after about a second.
  • Opening the ground circuit deenergizes the fuel pump relay, which opens its contacts and de-energizes the fuel pump.
  • The circuitry provides pre-pressurization of the fuel system.
  • When the ignition switch is turned to START, the powertrain control module operates the fuel pump relay to provide fuel while cranking.
  • After the engine starts and the ignition switch is ON, power to the fuel pump module is again supplied through the fuel pump relay. The powertrain control module senses engine speed and shuts the fuel pump module OFF by opening the ground circuit to the fuel pump relay when the engine stops or is below 120 rpm.



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1 Answer

Where is the fuel relay


There is a fuse for the fuel on the firewall inside the cab:



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Fuel Pump The fuel delivery system uses either a high or low-pressure in-line or in-tank electric fuel pump, with some models equipped with both. It is a recirculating system that delivers fuel to a pressure regulating valve in the throttle body and returns excess fuel from the throttle body regulator back to the fuel tank. The electrical system uses two types of control relays, one controlled by a vacuum switch and the other controlled by the powertrain control module (PCM) to provide power to the fuel pump under various operating conditions.

An inertia switch is used as a safety device in the fuel system. The inertia switch is located in the cab, generally under the dashboard on the right side. It is designed to open the fuel pump power circuit in the event of a collision. The switch is reset by pushing each of 2 buttons on the switch simultaneously (some models use switches with only one reset button). The inertia switch should not be reset until the fuel system has been inspected for damage or leaks.
When the ignition switch is ON, it turns the EEC power relay ON. The EEC power relay provides power to the powertrain control module (PCM) and the control side of the fuel pump relay. Power for the fuel pump(s) is supplied through a fuse link or high current fuse attached to the starter solenoid (battery side). From the fuse link or high current fuse, current flows through the fuel pump relay and inertia switch to the fuel pump(s). The fuel pump relay is controlled by the PCM.
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the fuel pump(s) will operate. If the ignition switch is not turned to the START position the PCM will shut the fuel pump(s) OFF after 1 second. The PCM will operate the fuel pump(s) operate the fuel pump(s) when the ignition switch is turn to START position to provide fuel while cranking.
After the engine starts, the PCM will continue to operate the fuel pump(s) unless the engine stops, drops below 120 rpm or the inertia switch is tripped.

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